NEW BOOK - The Battle of Crug Mawr (Cardigan) 1136
The sweeping victory of the Welsh at Cardigan (Crug Mawr) was historic.
It not only put the victor, Owain Gwynedd in a position to rule Wales
free of English domination, it also marked the arrival on the
battlefields of Europe of a new, deadly and uniquely Welsh weapon. The
longbow had arrived.
A Welsh revolt against Norman rule had
begun in south Wales, where on 1 January 1136 the Welsh won a victory
over the local Norman forces at the Battle of Llwchwr between Loughor
and Swansea. This led to an invasion by the forces of Gwynedd, led by
Owain Gwynedd and Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, sons of the king of Gwynedd,
Gruffydd ap Cynan. They captured a number of castles in northern
Ceredigion and made an alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth. The
combined forces headed for Cardigan. There they met the combined forces
of all the Normans in South Wales.
Fought just east of the town
of Ceredigion (Cardigan) on the slopes of the Crug Mawr hill this
battle was hard fought and decisive.
This book explains the background to the battle, looks at the forces involved and follows the course of the fighting.
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